Esthetician Training and Licensing Information
Becoming an esthetician requires specialized career training as well as state licensing. Most estheticians complete their training at cosmetology schools, esthetician schools, or medical esthetician schools. Experienced instructors provide classroom instruction, and students get to practice their new skills and techniques in a school salon or spa setting.
What Is An Esthetician?
Estheticians are cosmetology professionals who specialize in skin care and skin beauty. Licensed estheticians work at salons or day spas, where they pamper customers and help them feel relaxed and rejuvenated. These beauty professionals perform cosmetic skin treatments that include facials, hair removal, body wraps, skin care, and nail beauty treatments.
Students who train for their esthetics license learn about the many ways to beautify the skin. They study skin analysis and discover how to provide proper care for skin through facials, pore cleansing, exfoliation treatments, and microdermabrasion techniques.
The training covers various spa treatments: aromatherapy and skin care regiments, body wraps and polishes, foot reflexology, and hair removal with waxing and depilation. Students also learn makeup artistry and how to shape eyebrows, tint eyelashes, and apply permanent makeup. They may also study specialized machine treatments, such as non-surgical face lifts and muscle toning.
Some estheticians learn to recognize skin problems under the direction of a dermatologist or other medical professional. These students have an opportunity to move into the medical field as a medical esthetician. Some states recognize a medical esthetician license as separate from an esthetics license. Those that do, require additional training courses that cover anatomy, physiology, skin pathology, bacteriology, decontamination, disinfection, hygiene, and first aid.
Esthetics Training And State Licensing
Training to become an esthetician can take anywhere from 300 hours to 900 or more hours. Training and licensing requirements vary by state. Students attending full-time esthetician school often complete their training in six months or less. Part-time students may train for nine months or more, before they are ready to take the state board licensing exam. Esthetics students should contact the licensing department for their state, or the state in which they intend to practice, to verify any program changes and state licensing requirements.
In addition to classroom instruction and practical, hands-on training, professional estheticians must also pass a state esthetics licensing exam. Online practice exams are available to help prepare students and graduates for the comprehensive written exam administered by the state licensing board.
Esthetics license exams cover a number of topics relevant to the career field. Examples include anatomy, the body, and organs; mask application and removal, and basic facials; hair anatomy and removal; skin conditions, diseases, and disorders; electricity; and machines. Estheticians who want to move into the medical esthetics field must take additional courses and advanced training. Medical esthetics school graduates must also pass a paramedical esthetician license exam